How it works?
Hyperbaric Oxygen treatment is a safe and non-invasive treatment based on supplying pressurized oxygen by means of a Hyperbaric Chamber at 1,4 atmospheres (ATM), above normal ambient atmospheric pressure of 1 ATM. The increase in oxygen availability produces beneficial effects in the organism.
Its working principle is Henry’s law, which states that “”””gases are diluted in liquids when they are under pressure””””, and we understand how a hyperbaric chamber works by observing a bottle of sparkling mineral water. In a bottle that is closed and under pressure, there are no bubbles. Under those circumstances, the water is at 1.1 atmospheres of pressure (ATM), making the gas dilute in the pressurized water as stated in Henry’s law. When opening the bottle, the bubbles will appear due to the lack of pressure. Our blood is liquid and the hyperbaric chamber is like a container where we enter, and its pressure is set at 1,4 ATM. This way, breathing oxygen, we dilute the gas in our blood, increasing the O2 in our tissues several times, thus causing a significant Hyperoxia and its vast chain of benefits.
The Hyberbaric Chamber is a medical device especially prepared for supplying Oxygen at a pressure that is higher than the normal atmospheric pressure, thus increasing the Oxygen concentration and availability in the blood plasma. Hyperbaric chambers used in BioBarica are of medium pressure and reach a 1.4 ATM pressure, achieving full efficiency in diffusion of oxygen to all body tissues, leading to an acceleration of the recovery process in the conditions treated by doctors.
The Hyperbaric Chamber sessions must be relaxing and pleasant. You should wear comfortable clothes, no shoes and bring the items that help you to relax such as pillows, blankets, music or books. The duration of each session may vary. Currently, there is an agreement among specialists that each session should last from 60 to 90 minutes in Hyperbaric Chambers of less than 1.5 ATM, on a 2 to 6 times a week frequency. Returning to the average blood oxygen concentration levels is not immediate. A session in a Hyberbaric Chamber does not work as a medicine in the sense that it has a certain average life; therefore, more sessions mean better results. The duration and frequency of these sessions should be indicated by a health professional in order to obtain the maximum efficiency from a treatment.
The increase of Oxygen in the blood reached by the hyperbaric chamber is anti-inflammatory, stimulates the formation of new blood vessels, stimulates the cells that produce collagen, stimulates the release of stem cells and increases the bactericidal activity of white blood cells. All of these effects promote the scaring process and rehabilitation of wounds produced by venous and circulatory insufficiency.
Wounds caused by arterial and venous or diabetic ulcers take a long time to heal as one of its effects is the lack of peripheral circulation (at the skin level), or peripheral angiopathy, which obstructs the correct blood irrigation in the affected area, which is necessary to complete the healing process. The treatment with hyperbaric chambers result in a strong hyperoxia, and the increased tissue Oxygen availability activates the process of Angiogenesis or formation of new blood vessels, which is the starting point of the healing process.
- Diabetic foot
- Post-surgical wounds
- Fournier’s disease
The application of hyperbaric chamber is critical for the recovery in all trauma or injury. Moreover, it is widely used by high-performance athletes to recover, in cases when each minute of their participation represents a large amount of money and effort from the organization. Hyperbaric Oxygen is essential to the healing and repairing processes in muscle, tendon, and ligament injuries, and it also improves bone formation. These beneficial effects are due to the fact that the hyperbaric chamber generates hyperoxia, thus increasing the amount of blood Oxygen which, in turn, is an effective anti-inflammatory for all tissues, generates the angiogenesis or formation of new blood vessels that help injury recovery, stimulates the formation of collagen for healing and increases the bone blood perfusion, favoring the osteogenesis.
- Pre and Post-Surgical
- Joint and Ligament Disorders
- Physical Therapy
Hyperbaric oxygen therapy is critical and very effective in the reduction, reversal or elimination of symptoms caused by Fibromyalgia. The treatment consists in hyperbaric sessions with the amount determined after patient evaluation. The increase of blood Oxygen produced by the hyperbaric treatment has anti-inflammatory effects, stimulates tissue healing and rehabilitation, increases the blood flow to a peripheral and central nervous system level and acts on neurotransmitters. All of these effects make hyperbaric chamber treatment be increasingly used as part of the treatment protocols of patients with fibromyalgia, obtaining excellent clinical results.
- Tinnitus, Sudden deafness and vertiginous syndrome
- Chronic Fatigue
The hyperbaric oxygen treatment accelerates the recovery and rehabilitation of tissues and ligament, tendon, joint and muscle injuries.
Additionally, it stimulates the recovery after competitive strain, optimizing training, resistance and muscular volume, and reduces chronic fatigue producing increased blood perfusion to the central nervous system level, acts on neurotransmitters and red blood elasticity recovery.
- Muscle Injuries
- Tendon and Ligament Injuries
- Post-exercise recovery
- Sub-acute and chronic fatigue syndrome
The treatment with a hyperbaric chamber produces an increase in the cerebral blood flow, is anti-inflammatory from vasoconstriction and reduction of edema, stimulates the healing process of wounded tissues, regulates the inflammatory processes, has a direct effect on some neurotransmitters and increases the CNS Oxygen consumption. All these beneficial effects of Oxygen show diverse clinical improvements in patients with neurological conditions and a greater rehabilitation capacity.
In the case of Parkinson’s Disease, Hyperbaric Oxygen has an anti-inflammatory effect, produces a redistribution of blood flow to a Central Nervous System level, stimulates the recovery of nervous tissue and acts on neurotransmitters. This combination of effects results on improvements reported by the patients treated such as the decrease in tremor and especially decreased stiffness, resulting in better quality of life.
- Parkinson’s Disease
- Multiple Sclerosis
- Alzheimer’s Disease
- Spinal cord injury
Several studies show the benefits of HBOT use in various clinical conditions related to child neurology. Particularly, the use of hyperbaric chamber stimulates the axonal regeneration to a central and peripheral level, decreasing the cerebral edema, maintains the integrity of the blood-brain barrier and increases cerebral perfusion. On the other hand, HBOT reduces motor deficit, decreases the risks of effects and produces changes on cerebral perfusion helping to prevent circulatory disorders, improves motor function and fine motor skills control.
- Cerebral Palsy
- Autism Spectrum
The action of the hyperbaric oxygen dilutes large amounts of O2 in the blood plasma being rapidly used by cells and reaching tissues where perfusion is compromised. This creates a higher efficiency in the anti-inflammatory process and helps to regenerate tissue in rheumatic diseases.
Oncology — rehabilitation
The strong hyperoxia generated by the hyperbaric chamber allows Oxygen to reach all the body tissue including tumors, decreasing the growth of these and promoting their retraction. There is much information available regarding these subjects and scientific studies in which this treatment is complemented with the usual oncology. Additionally, in cases in which radiotherapy is applied, the hyperbaric oxygen chamber is recommended by international organizations for the recovery of injuries produced by lighting.